Improve Your Pet’s Health with Multivitamins and Minerals

Household pets, particularly of the mammalian order, for example dogs and cats require the same sort of medications and dietary supplements as we humans do.  While humans knowingly obtain vitamins and minerals from various sources, animals in the wild also do the same as they are predisposed to find necessary supplements in their natural food cycle. Unfortunately pets are not able to do that so it is up to the pet owners to look after their nutritional needs and provide them with supplements where required.


Pet Nutrition Supplements

Pet Nutrition Supplements

Benefits of nutrition supplements for pets

  • Vitamins and minerals are necessary for improving the quality of your pet’s life.
  • Multivitamins break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats so the body can utilize them.
  • Vitamins work with minerals and enzymes for digestion, reproduction, and muscle and bone growth.
  • Vitamins maintain healthy skin and coat shine in pets.
  • Vitamins and minerals help regulate body processes and protect the body from environmental toxins.

Vitamins are of two types:

  • Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E and K.
  • Water-soluble vitamins include folic acid, biotin and vitamins C, thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pyridoxine (B6) and cyanocobalamin (B12)

The following table explains in detail the functions of major vitamins, their sources and possible deficiency symptoms.

Type of VitaminsSourcesDeficiency Symptoms
Vitamin AFish oil, eggs, liver, carrot, spinach, dairy productsPoor skin, retarded growth, night vision problems
Vitamin DDairy products, fish, fish oil, egg yolk, liver, beef and sunshineTeething problems, rickets,
Vitamin EMeats, nuts, vegetable oils, green vegetablesBrown bowel syndrome,  reproductive system problems
Vitamin KEgg yolk, milk, cabbage, fishClotting problems, hemorrhage
Vitamin CCitrus fruits and vegetables, organ meatsSlowed healing, vulnerability to disease
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)Milk, meat, fruits, vegetablesLoss of appetite, slow reflexes, problems in nerve control, weakness
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)Organ meats and dairy productsPoor growth, eye problems, heart failure
Niacin (Vitamin B3)Meat productsLoss of appetite, inflamed gums, diarrhea
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)Found in most foodsAnemia, poor growth, skin lesions
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)Organ meatsAnemia


In addition to multivitamins, the following minerals are important:

Calcium: milk, yogurt, broccoli, cauliflower, bones

Phosphorus: eggs, fish, milk

Zinc: poultry, whole grains, spinach, yogurt, beef

Sulfur: meats, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, legumes

Iodine: seafood, dairy products, salt, kelp

Copper: seafood, nuts, whole grains, legumes

Iron: red meats, poultry, eggs, shellfish, legumes

Is it necessary to give your dog commercially processed vitamins and supplements? Well, the jury is equally divided on that question.  If you feed your dog well-balanced dog food, supplements are not necessary.  However aging and sick dogs may require extra nutritional supplements

The cardinal rules to follow are:

1) Don’t feed your dog home-cooked or raw diet;

2) When buying dog food, check the label to see whether it contains the multivitamins for dogs listed above or not.